The ‘āina (land) is not just soil, sand or dirt. The ‘āina is a heart issue for Hawaiians. The very word ‘āina brings forth deep emotion evolved from ancestral times when people lived in nature as an integral part of it. Mankind and nature were considered siblings born together since the beginning of time. Just as one felt aloha for the ‘ohana, so one felt toward the land on which the ‘ohana worked, lived, and stayed in eternity. Aloha for the ‘āina was expressed by attitudes of respect, returning gifts to the land, beautifying it, protecting it.